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  Quit India

Quit India Movement

        On August 8, 1942  the Quit India resolution was passed at the Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee

        On August 9, 1942 Mahatma Gandhi was arrested in Bombay with the launch of Quit India Movement.

o       Gandhiji urged Indians to follow a non-violent civil disobedience. Gandhiji aksed masses to act as if they were an independent nation and not to follow the orders of the British.

        Large scale protests and demonstrations were held all over the country. Workers remained absent en masse and strikes were called. It was a battle that took many forms, ranging from non-violent mass satyagrahas, mammoth public meetings, huge protest rallies in cities and towns to underground organisation of sabotage of communication and transport networks, an underground radio, illegal patrikas (newsletters) and the formation of parallel governments in Ballia, Midnapore and Satara.

        Many national leaders went underground and continued their struggle.

        An all-India underground leadership emerged with Achyut Patwardhan, Aruna Asaf Ali, Ram Manohar Lohia, Sucheta Kripalani, Chhotubhai Puranik, Biju Patnaik and Jayaprakash Narayan as its members.

o       They continued their struggle by broadcasting messages over clandestineradio stations, distributing pamphlets and establishing parallel governments.

        The British swiftly responded by mass detentions.

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        A total of 90,000 arrests were made nationwide, mass fines were levied, bombs were air-dropped and demonstrators were subjected to public flogging.

        The police and the military fired on 538 occasions, and villages were machine-gunned by low-flying aircraft.

o       Villagers were whipped, made to pay collective fines running to Rs 90 lakhs (Rs 9 million) and taken as hostages.

        Entire villages were burnt if the inhabitants ran away to evade arrest. In the name of the war, the British had armed themselves with draconian powers and completely suspended civil liberties. Newspapers were gagged and many suspended publication.  

Ballia, Midnapore and Satara

 

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